Get to Know Your Wines: the Basic Types
- Chardonnay. This flavorful grape creates versatile flavors. When bottled in oak, it is rich and fruity. Stainless steel barrels will yield a lighter, more mineral-based flavor.
- Riesling. This is a crisp, sweet wine with green apple, pear, and lime flavors. Aged Rieslings will have deeper honey overtones.
- Pinot Gris. The location where the grapes are grown affects their flavor. Italian versions are light and crisp while European and American versions can have a hint of spice.
- Sauvignon Blanc. Sauvignon Blancs are known for fresh grapefruit and grassy flavors.
- Merlot. This smooth, mellow wine does not need to age as long as other reds and is associated with dark berries, chocolate, and coffee.
- Cabernet Sauvignon. Better when aged, Cabernets are more assertive than a Merlot and have higher tannin levels.
- Pinot Noir. A versatile red wine, Pinot Noir grapes require a precise climate, which can make it pricier.
- Syrah. These grapes produce a flavorful and spicy wine.